A Datafolha poll released this Saturday (1) points out that Lula is approved by 38% of voters. The proportion is exactly the same that the president had in the second round, last year, compared to the universe of the electorate (38.6%). In other words, little has changed.
60.3 million of the 156.4 million Brazilians eligible to vote went to the polls to choose the PT candidate. The remainder chose Jair Bolsonaro (58.2 million), opted to vote blank or void (5.7 million) or abstained from going to the polls (32.2 million).
The valid votes (excluding abstention, blanks and invalid votes) are those published by the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) and by the press. Considering these, Lula had 50.9% and Bolsonaro, 49.1%. But it does not mean that both had half the votes of the existing electorate in the country, but of the electorate that decided to leave home to vote for one of the two.
In this sense, there is a framework of stability. In these three months, the president increased Bolsa Família (R$ 150 began to be paid per child up to six years old, which took the average amount from R$ 606.91 in February to R$ 670.33 in March ), prioritized Minha Casa, Minha Vida for the poorest, acted against the attempted genocide imposed on the Yanomami, removed Brazil from the position of pariah in international relations and presented the proposal for new fiscal rules for the country.
But he also got involved in confusion, the biggest one when he said that there could be a frame in the threats to the life of Senator Sergio Moro by the PCC, but he also had to return fuel taxes to real levels (before Bolsonaro’s electoral measures), reinforced the antipathy with a part of the economic elite by attacking the Central Bank on account of high interest rates and protected the Minister of Horses, Juscelino Filho, accused of the illegal use of public resources.
Those who consider the PT government great or good are the same groups that guaranteed him a considerable advantage over his opponent, leading him to victory. That is, Northeasterners (53% approval), those who earn up to two minimum wages (45%) and young people.
On the other hand, people who preferred Jair continue to be more refractory to Lula, including evangelicals (28% approval), those who earn more than ten minimum wages (30%) and residents of the South region (29%).
Lula’s disapproval is at 29%. The number is lower than the percentage that Bolsonaro had among all voters (37.2%). Which is natural, because there are many who did not go to vote or who annulled the vote because they disagree with Lula or his proposals.
The poll shows that little has changed in the mood of the electorate, considering those who went to the polls on 30 October. That is, there is a vote of confidence that continues to be given to the PT, who has not yet reached his 100 days in office. Another indicator of this is that 50% believe, according to Datafolha, that Lula will have a great or good government, 27% a regular administration and only 21%, bad or terrible.
More time will be needed to see the impact of social policies on the poorest (who represent the majority of the population), but mainly the success of the government in guaranteeing economic growth, employment and income.
But, regardless of the political mood, Brazil breathes more democratic air and in a rational environment. Proof of this is that the new tax rule released by the Lula government, this Thursday (30), won the return of Jair Bolsonaro from the United States in mentions on social networks, according to a survey carried out by Quaest. Adult debate returns to the room.
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