An advisory board led by Federal Minister of Economics Robert Habeck (Greens) recommends simplified procurement of armaments and a waiver of the “parliamentary loop” in the decision-making process. The Scientific Advisory Board at the Federal Ministry of Economics warned on Tuesday in Berlin that the Budget Committee is demanding that military procurement contracts worth more than 25 million euros be submitted for approval, contradicts the separation of powers, invites renegotiations and weakens the Bundeswehr’s negotiating position vis-à-vis industry.
“In a night prank, Parliament acquired a power that it is not entitled to. And you have to make it clear to him that he behaved badly and that he should please take that back,” said Christoph Engel (Max Planck Institute Bonn), leading member of the non-governmental working group, at the presentation of the report. Regarding considerations of significantly increasing the amount for such templates, he said: “Our proposal is not to increase the 25 million limit, but to abolish the parliamentary loop.”
According to the Scientific Advisory Board, the procurement process was “delayed by various counterproductive regulations”. Although the Bundeswehr has a special fund of 100 billion euros at its disposal, the procurement of urgently needed weapon systems is progressing slowly.
The experts recommend a clear separation of the tasks of government and parliament. They demanded: “The upcoming modernization of the Bundeswehr should be used to experiment with simplifications in the award procedure and to open up the innovative potential of military research and development, also for later civilian applications.”
The Advisory Board also proposes shortening the process of review procedures, relaxing the requirement for small and medium-sized enterprises, and expanding the possibility of incentive contracts for industry. Ultimately, the simplifications in procurement should not be limited to goods with purely military use, but should be extended to cover the entire needs of the Bundeswehr. The Chairman of the Advisory Board, Klaus Schmidt (Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich), demanded: “Experience with military procurement should be used to speed up other procurement processes and large-scale projects.”
Is “culture change” necessary?
In the Federal Armed Forces Procurement Office (BAAINBw) in Koblenz, a “cultural change” is necessary, according to the experts after discussions in the federal authority. However, they certify that the employees often do a reasonable job, but they should contradict the wishes and requirements of the military more often and more energetically. However, there is an “imbalance” when the highest military authorities meet middle-level officials. Defense Minister Boris Pistorius (SPD) is required here.
Expectations in the procurement authority that there could be complaints against awards, which would trigger a review procedure involving several instances, also led to a delay. “The Basic Law does not require several instances, but only one instance. And the instance that would be appropriate would be the first instance that is already taking action, namely the public procurement tribunal in the Federal Cartel Office,” said Engel. “Then you would have to justify the need for this public procurement tribunal to be treated like a court. The European Union does that anyway.”
The scientists also recommend giving military research more weight and taking the example of the US Defense Research Agency (Darpa) and its “foresight”. “Up until now, the Federal Republic of Germany has – for understandable historical reasons – held back from funding military research. But technical superiority is crucial for deterrence,” say the scientists. And: “Therefore, instruments of innovative procurement should be used more and the strict separation of civil and military areas should be relaxed, especially in the area of basic research.”
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